書名：THE ROUGH GUIDE TO TAIWAN（Written and researched by Stephen Keeling and Brice Minnigh,The first edition published April 2007.）
- Lying just 130km off the southeast coast of China at its closest point, the island of Taiwan is slightly larger than Belgium, and bisected by the Tropic of Cancer.
- The population of 23 million is ethnically 98 percent Han Chinese, with the remaining two percent made up by the Austrone-sian indigenous population.
- Known as Formosa in the west until the 1950s, Taiwan’s official name has been the Republic of China (ROC) since 1949.
- Almost half of Taiwan is covered by mountains, with 258 peaks over 3000m: the tallest is Yushan(3952m). The Jhuoshuei River is the island’s longest(186km).
- Taiwan is a democracy with the president directly elected by universal suffrage every four years, and empowered to appoint the premier who assembles a cabinet comprising the known as the Executive Yuan. The Legislative Yuan acts as Taiwan’s parliament, its members also elected every four years.
- Taiwan’s main exports are electronics (including 75 percent of the world’s laptop computers and 40 percent of its LCD screens), mechanical appliances and plastics. Taiwan’s per-capita GDP is around US$25,000(PPP basis).